Skin Types and Skincare
Skin type is a very important consideration when applying makeup. You should think carefully about the skin and treat it like a canvas for makeup.
- Normal Skin
- Combination Skin
- Oily Skin
- Dry Skin
- Sensitive Skin
- Mature Skin
Each skin types requires its own special care and needs.
Normal skin looks healthy and has few or minor imperfections. The skin’s appearance should not look dull and should be soft to the touch.
The daily routine for normal skin should be to wash face twice daily- morning and night. Use an alcohol-free toner or “tonic” (Toner means it has alcohol in it. You can find some pH-balancing tonics that don’t use alcohol). Finally, seal and hydrate with a moisturizer. I also suggest to use a half mask at least once a week to remove any impurities.
Combination skin means that the face has dry zones and oily zones. Usually, the cheeks are normal to dry while the forehead, nose and chin (t-zone) has visible pores and tends to get shiny.
To care for combination skin, use an oil-free face wash two times a day. Toner is especially important for this skin type because it balances the pH of the skin. Finally, hydrate with a cream. You might consider a hydrating serum on cheeks before the moisturizer if they are very dry. Exfoliate the skin three times a week to remove extra impurities.
Here are some suggested products for combination skin:
Oily skin is characterized by many large, thick pores. Most often, blackheads and blemishes are present on the nose and chin because the sebaceous (oil) glands are stimulated. Climate and stress has a big effect on oily skin.
When most of us think of oily skin, our first reaction is to want to get the oil out by using all kinds of alcohols and astringents. This is not the case, because no one wants to dehydrate the skin to only cause more stress and problems. When we dehydrate the skin, the sebaceous glands overreact to make up for the lack of oils in the skin. This causes more oils and blemishes. Therefore, treat the skin gently!
Oily skin should be cared for twice daily using an oil-free face wash, a toner, spot treatment for any blemishes, and a lightweight oil-free moisturizer. *A tip to wash the face is to allow the water to run hot and the vapors to open up the pores and wash out any impurities. Then, switch the water to cold and splash the face with the cold water to rinse and close the pores.* Yes, moisturizer must be used twice daily in order to hydrate the skin and protect the skin from incoming pollutants in the air. Use a mask three times a week to remove any excess buildup.
Dry skin does not retain moisture because it produces oil naturally. However, dry skin is a bit dull in appearance and skin tones tend to redden. A challenge for the makeup artist is that cosmetics often wear off quickly on dry skin. Sometimes, dry skin can produce wrinkles and folds around the eyes and mouth. Dry skin can feel rough and dry to the touch and the skin tends to be sensitive.
It is important to take special care of dry skin and to use non-abrasive cream cleansers twice a day. Toners are usually not needed in this case unless it is a hydrating tonic, and serums are available to apply before applying a nutrient-rich moisturizers. In this case, all steps should be repeated at night but swap the day cream with a heavier night cream. Use a gentle exfoliating cleanser once a week to clear off dead skin cells and follow up with a hydrating mask.
Mature skin has folds, wrinkles and age spots due to the natural process of aging. In mature skin, cell regeneration does not occur as rapidly as it once did. In many cases, mature skin is dry.
To care for mature skin, use products that are gentle and hydrating. There are specific ingredients in serums and moisturizers that will help produce collagen and retain moisture to the skin. These ingredients are known as peptides (proteins that enhance collagen) and hyaluronic acid (locks and retains moisture to the skin). Use a gentle exfoliating wash three times a week to brush off dead skin cells and boost cell turn-over, or use a facial peel weekly to prevent discoloration and irregularities of the skin. SPF is an absolute must daily.
Sensitive Skin and Special Considerations
Sensitive skin can be fine in texture or it can be coarse. It is important to know if the person has any allergies or skin sensitivities that might make the skin react. In either case, sensitive skin will most likely be irritated by cosmetics, moisturizes and cleansers of any kind. Sensitive skin is prone to redness and can be itchy or blotchy.
Mild, non-perfumed cleansers, toners, moisturizers and cosmetics are required for sensitive skin. Dermatologists will recommend products to use for any skincare concerns and treatment. Sometimes products that are “all-natural” can lead to a skin reaction because they are plant-based and the skin can have an allergic reaction to it. When it comes to choosing the right products, it varies from product to product as with person to person, whether they tend to be non comedogenic or hypoallergenic. Choose what works best for you or your client!
Preparing the Skin for Makeup
After analyzing the skin, use the appropriate products to prepare the face before makeup. If done correctly, the skin will glow from underneath the makeup and the makeup will remain perfect.
- Cleanse the face.
- Use a toner to balance the pH of the skin and to prepare it to receive hydrating cream.
- Apply eye cream gently around the eyes.
- If using a serum, apply it before a hydrating cream.
- Apply the face cream using small circular motions. Cover the whole face and neck, but don’t use too much product.
- Hydrate the lips with lip balm.
- Let the skin absorb the cream for a few seconds before applying makeup.
Your skin is now ready for makeup!
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- All About Skincare Blog: http://skincareadvicebyjulie.blogspot.com/
- Bobbi Brown Makeup Manual by Bobbi Brown ISBN: 978044658149